Michelle Martin, MD, Kristina A Giles, MD, Frank Pomposelli, MD, Allen D. Hamdan, MD, Mark C. Wyers, MD, Marc L. Schermerhorn, MD,
Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center- Department of Vascular Surgery Research; Boston, MA
PURPOSE OF STUDY
To evaluate national outcomes after open repair of abdominal aortic aneurysms with visceral or renal bypass (VRB).
Using the NIS database from 1993-2005, AAA repairs were identified by ICD9 codes for diagnosis of intact AAA combined with a procedure of open AAA repair. VRB patients also had an aorto-renal and/or mesenteric bypass, or mesenteric endarterectomy. Dissections, thoracic, and thoracoabdominal aneurysms were excluded. Demographics and comorbidities were noted. Mortality and complications were compared to infrarenal AAA repairs without visceral or renal bypass (IRA). Predictors of perioperative mortality were analyzed by multivariate logistic regression.
SUMMARY OF RESULTS:
A total of 39,734 VRB and 349,806 IRA repairs were identified. VRB repairs had a 57.14% volume decrease (IRA 52.8% volume decrease). Mortality and complications including acute renal failure, acute mesenteric ischemia, and bowel resection were higher after VRB (Table). Acute myocardial infarction was similar between cohorts. Patients requiring a bowel operation or with a complication of acute renal failure were 10 times more likely to die within the hospital stay. Independent preoperative predictors of mortality were age, chronic renal failure, congestive heart failure, and pulmonary disease. Post-operative complications were predictive of mortality as well.
VRB repair volume decreased per year similarly to open IRA repair volume and may be related to the advances of endovascular therapy. Mortality after VRB is high and dependent upon age, renal failure, acute mesenteric insufficiency and bowel surgery. Recommendations include avoiding concomitant bypass and consideration of visceral/renal stenting.
TABLES AND CHARTS:
|Mortality after Open Abdominal Aortic Aneurysm Repair With and Without Visceral/Renal Bypass|
|Complications after Open Abdominal Aortic Aneurysm Repair With and Without Visceral/Renal Bypass|
|Acute Renal Failure||9.2%||5.8%||<.001|
|Acute Mesenteric Ischemia||2.0%||1.1%||<.001|
|Acute Myocardial Infarction||2.6%||3.0%||.06|
|Predictors of Mortality After Open Abdominal Aortic Aneurysm Repair With and Without Visceral/Renal Bypass|
|OR||95% CI||P Value|
|Visceral / Renal Bypass + AAA Repair||1.3||1.2-1.5||<.001|
|Age (per year)||1.1||1.1-1.1||<.001|
|Chronic Renal Failure||6.4||5.6-7.3||<.001|
|Congestive Heart Failure||7.5||6.0-9.2||<.001|
|Chronic Pulmonary Disease||1.2||1.1-1.3||<.001|
Complications as Predictors of Mortality After Open Abdominal
Aortic Aneurysm Repair With and Without Visceral/Renal Bypass
(adjusted for age, gender, and repair type)
|Acute Renal Failure||10.2||9.4-11.2||<.001|
|Acute Myocardial Infarction||6.1||5.3- 7.0||<.001|